Visuddhimagga I-14

Tathā sīlena sotāpannasakadāgāmibhāvassa kāraṇaṃ pakāsitaṃ hoti, samādhinā anāgāmibhāvassa, paññāya arahattassa. Sotāpanno hi ‘‘sīlesu paripūrakārī’’ti (a. ni. 3.87) vutto, tathā sakadāgāmī. Anāgāmī pana ‘‘samādhismiṃ paripūrakārī’’ti (a. ni. 3.87). Arahā pana ‘‘paññāya paripūrakārī’’ti (a. ni. 3.87).


Ñ(I,14): [6] Likewise the reason for the states of Stream-entry and Once-return is shown by Virtue; that for the state of Non-return, by Concentration; that for Arahantship by Understanding. For the Stream-enterer is called 'perfected in the kinds of virtue'; and likewise the Once-returner. But the Non-returner is called 'perfected in concentration'. And the Arahant is called 'perfected in understanding' (see A.i,233).

Bhikkhu Jotinanda: In a. ni 3.87 referred to it is said that stream-entered and once-returner are "fully accomplished in virtue but only moderately accomplished in concentration and wisdom." The non-returner is "fully accomplished in virtue and concentration but only moderately accomplished in wisdom." The arahant is "fully accomplished in virtue, concentration and wisdom."

According to MṬ, in "the reason for the states of Stream-entry", etc. reason here means decisive-support condition (upanissayapaccayo).

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

Sādhu ! Sādhu ! Sādhu !