Visuddhimagga XVI-23

532. Kathaṃ lakkhaṇādippabhedato?
Ñ(XVI,23): 3. How as to division by character, et cetera?

Ettha hi bādhanalakkhaṇaṃ dukkhasaccaṃ, santāpanarasaṃ, pavattipaccupaṭṭhānaṃ.
于此四谛之中,苦谛,有苦[PTS 496]难的特相,有热恼的作用(味),以继续进行为现状(现起)。
Ñ: The truth of suffering has the characteristic of afflicting. [496] Its function is to burn. It is manifested as occurrence (as the course of an existence).

Pabhavalakkhaṇaṃ samudayasaccaṃ, anupacchedakaraṇarasaṃ, palibodhapaccupaṭṭhānaṃ.
Ñ: The truth of origin has the characteristic of producing. Its function is to prevent interruption. It is manifested as impediment.

Santilakkhaṇaṃ nirodhasaccaṃ, accutirasaṃ, animittapaccupaṭṭhānaṃ.
Ñ: The truth of cessation has the characteristic of peace. Its function is not to die. It is manifested as the signless.

Niyyānalakkhaṇaṃ maggasaccaṃ, kilesappahānarasaṃ, vuṭṭhānapaccupaṭṭhānaṃ.
Ñ: The truth of the path has the characteristic of an outlet. Its function is to abandon defilements. It is manifested as emergence.

Apica pavattipavattananivattinivattanalakkhaṇāni paṭipāṭiyā.
Ñ: They have, moreover, the respective characteristics of occurrence, making occur, non-occurrence, and making not occur,

Tathā saṅkhatataṇhā asaṅkhatadassanalakkhaṇāni cāti evamettha lakkhaṇādippabhedato vinicchayo veditabbo.
Ñ: and likewise the characteristics of the formed, craving, the unformed, and seeing. This is how the exposition should be understood here as to characteristic, et cetera.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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