Visuddhimagga I-70

Pāpicchasseva pana sato sambhāvanādhippāyakatena iriyāpathena vimhāpanaṃ iriyāpathasannissitaṃ kuhanavatthūti veditabbaṃ.


Ñ(I,70): It is hypocrisy on the part of one of evil wishes, which takes the form of deportment influenced by eagerness to be admired, that should be understood as the instance of scheming dependent on deportment,

Yathāha – ‘‘katamaṃ iriyāpathasaṅkhātaṃ kuhanavatthu.


Ñ: according as it is said: 'What is the instance of scheming called deportment?

Idhekacco pāpiccho icchāpakato sambhāvanādhippāyo ‘evaṃ maṃ jano sambhāvessatī’ti


Ñ: Here someone of evil wishes, a prey to wishes, eager to be admired, [thinking] "Thus people will admire me",

gamanaṃ saṇṭhapeti, ṭhānaṃ saṇṭhapeti, nisajjaṃ saṇṭhapeti, sayanaṃ saṇṭhapeti,


Ñ: composes his way of walking, composes his way of lying down;

Han: I have put numbers (1) (2) (3) because he carries on his deportment with three aims.
(1) with the idea to be admired by other people.
(2) with the idea to make him appear like an ariya.
(3) with the idea to make people think that he carries on his deportment with concentration.

When I do that way, I find that the English translation by Ven Ñāṇamoli in number (1) is not complete. There is only walking and lying down. No standing and sitting.

(Missing): [composes his way of standing, composes his way of sitting,]

paṇidhāya gacchati, paṇidhāya tiṭṭhati, paṇidhāya nisīdati, paṇidhāya seyyaṃ kappeti,


Ñ: he walks studiedly, stands studiedly, sits studiedly, lies down studiedly;

samāhito viya gacchati, samāhito viya tiṭṭhati, nisīdati, seyyaṃ kappeti,


Ñ: he walks as though concentrated, stands, sits, lies down as though concentrated;

āpāthakajjhāyī ca hoti,


Ñ: and he is one who meditates in public.

yā evarūpā iriyāpathassa aṭṭhapanā ṭhapanā saṇṭhapanā bhākuṭikā bhākuṭiyaṃ kuhanā kuhāyanā kuhitattaṃ,


Ñ: Such disposing, posing, composing, of deportment, grimacing, grimacery, scheming, schemery, schemedness,

idaṃ vuccati iriyāpathasaṅkhātaṃ kuhanavatthū’’ti (mahāni. 87).


Ñ: is known as the instance of scheming called deportment' (Nd. 1,225-26).

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

Sādhu ! Sādhu ! Sādhu !