Visuddhimagga IX-122

Muditāvihārissa pana tena tena pāmojjakāraṇena uppannapāmojjasattānaṃ viññāṇaṃ samanupassantassa muditāya pavattisambhavato viññāṇaggahaṇaparicitaṃ cittaṃ hoti.


Ñ(IX,122): When he abides in gladness, his mind becomes familiar with apprehending consciousness, since gladness is aroused in him when he sees beings' consciousness arisen in the form of rejoicing over some reason for joy.

Athassa anukkamādhigataṃ ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ atikkamma ākāsanimittagocare viññāṇe cittaṃ upasaṃharato appakasireneva tattha cittaṃ pakkhandatīti muditā viññāṇañcāyatanassa upanissayo hoti, na tato paraṃ, tasmā viññāṇañcāyatanaparamāti vuttā.

当他次第的超越空无边处而专注其心于虚空境相的识的时候,[PTS 325] 则他的心很容易的进入那识了。如是喜为识无边处的近依,更无过上,所以说(喜)以识无边处为最上。

Ñ: Then when he surmounts the sphere of boundless space that he had already attained in due course and applies his mind to the consciousness that had as its object the sign of space, [325] his mind enters into it without difficulty. So gladness is the basic support for the base consisting of boundless consciousness, but not for what is beyond that. That is why it is called 'having the sphere of boundless consciousness as the highest'.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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