Visuddhimagga IV-119

Idāni paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ adhigataṃ hoti pathavīkasiṇanti ettha gaṇanānupubbatā paṭhamaṃ, paṭhamaṃ uppannantipi paṭhamaṃ.

「证得地遍的禅」── 依照数目的次第故为「初」;于最初生起故为初。[PTS 150]

Ñ(IV,119): Now as to the words and so he has attained the first jhāna, ... of the earth kasiṇa (§79): Here it is first because it starts a numerical series; [150] also it is first because it arises first.

Ārammaṇūpanijjhānato paccanīkajhāpanato vā jhānaṃ.


Ñ: It is called jhāna because of lighting (upanijjhāna) the object and because of burning up (jhāpana) opposition (Ps.i,49).

Note in Chinese translation: 「思惟所缘故」(ārammaṇūpanijjhānato)「敌对者烧尽故」(paccanīkajhā-panato)是说明「禅」(jhāna)字的语源。

Sayādaw U Sīlānanda: [lighting => closely observing or intensely observing].

Pathavīmaṇḍalaṃ pana sakalaṭṭhena pathavīkasiṇanti vuccati, taṃ nissāya paṭiladdhanimittampi, pathavīkasiṇanimitte paṭiladdhajhānampi.


Ñ: The disk of earth is called earth kasiṇa (pathavī-kasiṇa — lit. 'earth-universal') in the sense of entirety, and the sign acquired with that as its support and also the jhāna acquired in the earth-kasiṇa sign are so called too.

Sayādaw U Sīlānanda: The word 'entirety' also means 'all'.

Tatra imasmiṃ atthe jhānaṃ pathavīkasiṇanti veditabbaṃ.


Ñ: So that jhāna should be understood as of the earth kasiṇa in this sense,

Taṃ sandhāya vuttaṃ ‘‘paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ adhigataṃ hoti pathavīkasiṇa’’nti.


Ñ: with reference to which it was said above 'and so he has attained to the first jhāna, ... of the earth kasiṇa'.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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