Visuddhimagga III-3

Kenaṭṭhena samādhīti samādhānaṭṭhena samādhi. Kimidaṃ samādhānaṃ nāma? Ekārammaṇe cittacetasikānaṃ samaṃ sammā ca ādhānaṃ, ṭhapananti vuttaṃ hoti. Tasmā yassa dhammassānubhāvena ekārammaṇe cittacetasikā samaṃ sammā ca avikkhipamānā avippakiṇṇā ca hutvā tiṭṭhanti, idaṃ samādhānanti veditabbaṃ.


什么是定的语义?以等持之义为定。为什么名为等持呢?即对一所缘而平等的平正的保持与安置其心与心所;[PTS 085] 是故以那法的威力而使心及心所平等平正不散乱不杂乱的住于一所缘中,便是等持。

Ñ(III,3): (ii) IN WHAT SENSE IS IT CONCENTRATION? It is concentration (samādhi) in the sense of concentrating (samādhāna). What is this concentrating? It is the centering (ādhāna) of consciousness and consciousness-concomitants evenly (samaṃ) and rightly (sammā) on a single object; placing, is what is meant. [85] So it is the state in virtue of which consciousness and its concomitants remain evenly and rightly on a single object, undistracted and unscattered, that should be understood as concentrating.

Sayādaw U Sīlānanda: “on a single object” means it is a series of consciousness moment arising again and again on a single object.

Han: Mahāsī Sayādaw’s translation is the same as that of Ñ. He did not give such explanation.

My personal opinion is "a series of consciousness moments arising again and again on a single object."

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

Sādhu ! Sādhu ! Sādhu !