Visuddhimagga II-40

Pabhedato pana ayampi tividho hoti. Tattha ukkaṭṭhassa aññatra ucchukhādanakālā kacavarampi chaḍḍetuṃ na vaṭṭati. Odanapiṇḍamacchamaṃsapūvepi bhinditvā khādituṃ na vaṭṭati.


Ñ(II,40): This too has three grades. Herein, for one who is strict, except at the time of eating sugarcane, it is not allowed [while eating] to throw rubbish away, and it is not allowed while eating to break up rice-lumps, fish, meat and cakes. [The rubbish should be thrown away and the rice-lumps, etc., broken up before starting to eat.]

Majjhimassa ekena hatthena bhinditvā khādituṃ vaṭṭati, hatthayogī nāmesa.


Ñ: The medium one is allowed to break them up with one hand while eating; and he is called a 'hand ascetic'.

Muduko pana pattayogī nāma hoti, tassa yaṃ sakkā hoti patte pakkhipituṃ, taṃ sabbaṃ hatthena vā dantehi vā bhinditvā khādituṃ vaṭṭati.


Ñ: The mild one is called a 'bowl ascetic'; anything that can be put into his bowl he is allowed, while eating, to break up, [that is, rice lumps, etc.,] with his hand or [such things as palm sugar, ginger, etc.,] with his teeth.

Imesaṃ pana tiṇṇampi dutiyakabhājanaṃ sāditakkhaṇe dhutaṅgaṃ bhijjati. Ayamettha bhedo.


Ñ: The moment any one of these three agrees to a second vessel his ascetic practice is broken. This is the breach in this instance.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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