Visuddhimagga VIII-165

Yā pana tesaṃ dīgharassatā, sā addhānavasena veditabbā.


Ñ(VIII,165): But their length and shortness should be understood by extent (addhāna).

Yathā hi okāsaddhānaṃ pharitvā ṭhitaṃ udakaṃ vā vālikā vā ‘‘dīghamudakaṃ dīghā vālikā, rassamudakaṃ rassā vālikā’’ti vuccati,


Ñ: For just as water or sand that occupies an extent of space is called a 'long water', a 'long sand', a 'short water', a 'short sand',

evaṃ cuṇṇavicuṇṇāpi assāsapassāsā hatthisarīre ca ahisarīre ca tesaṃ attabhāvasaṅkhātaṃ dīghaṃ addhānaṃ saṇikaṃ pūretvā saṇikameva nikkhamanti.


Ñ: so in the case of elephants' and snakes' bodies the in-breaths and out-breaths regarded as particles slowly fill the long extent, in other words, their persons, and slowly go out again.

Tasmā dīghāti vuccanti.


Ñ: That is why they are called 'long'.

Sunakhasasādīnaṃ attabhāvasaṅkhātaṃ rassaṃ addhānaṃ sīghaṃ pūretvā sīghameva nikkhamanti,


Ñ: They rapidly fill a short extent, in other words, the person of a dog, a hare, etc., and rapidly go out again.

tasmā rassāti vuccanti.


Ñ: That is why they are called 'short'.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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