Visuddhimagga VIII-81

Karontena pana kesesu tāva nimittaṃ gahetabbaṃ.


[The Thirty-two Aspects in Detail]

Ñ(VIII,81): When he sets about it, he should first apprehend the [learning] sign in head hairs.



Ñ: How?

Ekaṃ vā dve vā kese luñcitvā hatthatale ṭhapetvā vaṇṇo tāva vavatthapetabbo.

拨出一二根头发置于掌上,[PTS 249] 当先确定其色。

Ñ: The colour should be defined first by plucking out one or two head hairs and placing them on the palm of the hand. [249]

Chinnaṭṭhānepi kese oloketuṃ vaṭṭati.


Ñ: He can also look at them in the hair-cutting place,

Udakapatte vā yāgupatte vā oloketumpi vaṭṭatiyeva.


Ñ: or in a bowl of water or rice gruel.

Kāḷakakāle disvā kāḷakāti manasikātabbā.


Ñ: If the ones he sees are black when he sees them, they should be brought to mind as 'black';

Setakāle setāti.


Ñ: if white, as 'white';

Missakakāle pana ussadavasena manasikātabbā honti.


Ñ: if mixed, they should be brought to mind in accordance with those most prevalent.

Yathā ca kesesu, evaṃ sakalepi tacapañcake disvāva nimittaṃ gahetabbaṃ.


Ñ: And as in the case of head hairs, so too the sign should be apprehended visually with the whole of the 'skin pentad'.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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