Visuddhimagga VIII-170

Evaṃ ayaṃ addhānavasena ittaravasena ca imehākārehi assāsapassāse pajānanto dīghaṃ vā assasanto dīghaṃ assasāmīti pajānāti…pe… rassaṃ vā passasanto rassaṃ passasāmīti pajānātīti veditabbo. Evaṃ pajānato cassa –


Ñ(VIII,170): So it should be understood that it is when this bhikkhu knows in-breaths and out-breaths in these nine ways as 'a [long] extent' and as 'a little [duration]' that 'breathing in long, he knows "I breathe in long"; … breathing out short, he knows "I breathe out short" ' is said of him. And when he knows thus:

Dīgho rasso ca assāso,

Passāsopi ca tādiso;

Cattāro vaṇṇā vattanti,

Nāsikaggeva bhikkhunoti. (pārā. aṭṭha. 2.165);





Ñ: 'The long kind and the short as well,

The in-breath and the out-breath too,

Such then are the four kinds that happen

At the bhikkhu's nose tip here'.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

Sādhu ! Sādhu ! Sādhu !