Visuddhimagga II-19

Yaṃ pana saṅghassa demāti dinnaṃ, coḷakabhikkhāya vā caramānehi laddhaṃ, na taṃ paṃsukūlaṃ.


Ñ(II,19): One given thus 'We give it to the Order' or got by those who go out for alms-cloth is not a refuse-rag.

Bhikkhudattiyepi yaṃ vassaggena gāhetvā vā dīyati, senāsanacīvaraṃ vā hoti, na taṃ paṃsukūlaṃ.


Ñ: And in the case of one presented by a bhikkhu, one given after it has been got [at a presentation of robes by householders] at the end of the Rains, or a 'resting-place robe' [that is, one automatically supplied by a householder to the occupant of a certain resting place] is not a refuse-rag.

Sayādaw U Sīlānanda: The word “vassagga” here does not mean “the end of the Rains”. “Vassa” can mean 1. rain, 2. year, 3. years spent as a monk. “agga” can mean 1. end, 2. edge, 3. proportion. Here “vassagga” means proportion to years spent as a monk.

Chew: [And in the case of one presented [the robe] to bhikkhu, proportion according to years spent as a monk]. Is the sentence alright?

Han: Mahāsī Sayādaw: And in the case of one presented by a bhikkhu, one given to the refuse-rag wearer in proportion to the years spent by the refuse-rag wearer as a monk.

No gāhāpetvā dinnameva paṃsukūlaṃ.


It is a refuse-rag only when given after not having been so obtained.

Han: Mahāsī Sayādaw: It is a refuse-rag only when given to a refuse-rag wearer by a bhikkhu who obtained it by *his* seniority of monkhood, [and not in accordance with the seniority of monkhood of the refuse-rag wearer].

Tatrapi yaṃ dāyakehi bhikkhussa pādamūle nikkhittaṃ, tena pana bhikkhunā paṃsukūlikassa hatthe ṭhapetvā dinnaṃ, taṃ ekatosuddhikaṃ nāma.


Ñ: And herein, that placed by the donors at a bhikkhu's feet but given by that bhikkhu to the refuse-rag wearer by placing it in his hand is called pure in one way.

Yaṃ bhikkhuno hatthe ṭhapetvā dinnaṃ, tena pana pādamūle ṭhapitaṃ, tampi ekatosuddhikaṃ.


Ñ: That given to a bhikkhu by placing it in his hand but placed by him at the [refuse-rag wearer's] feet is also pure in one way.

Yaṃ bhikkhunopi pādamūle ṭhapitaṃ, tenāpi tatheva dinnaṃ, taṃ ubhatosuddhikaṃ.

若置于彼比丘的足下而施,再由他以同样的方式置于粪扫衣者的足下,[PTS 064] 则从两方面说都为净物。

Ñ: That which is both placed at a bhikkhu's feet and then given by him in the same way is pure in both ways. [64]

Yaṃ hatthe ṭhapetvā laddhaṃ, hattheyeva ṭhapitaṃ, taṃ anukkaṭṭhacīvaraṃ nāma.


Ñ: One obtained by being placed in the hand and [given by being] placed in the hand too is not a strict man's robe.

Iti imaṃ paṃsukūlabhedaṃ ñatvā paṃsukūlikena cīvaraṃ paribhuñjitabbanti idamettha vidhānaṃ.


So a refuse-rag wearer should use the robe after getting to know about the kinds of refuse-rags. These are the directions for it in this instance.

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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

Sādhu ! Sādhu ! Sādhu !